The art of furniture making has been honed to perfection over centuries but even then, the process has not been standardized. Different furniture makers and design studios adopt manufacturing techniques that are good to optimize specific designs. But in spite of everything there are certain common basics that are exact to the manufacturing process of wood furniture. There are several stages in the process but the objective is to give shape to the intended design with the form and finish optimizing customer satisfaction, not to discount sturdiness and durability.
It all starts with the meticulous choice of the log of wood. This depends on the type of furniture to be made as the ultimate colour, patterns and grain depend on furniture requirements. This log is sent to sawmill to be cut into required sizes. These pieces have to be dried as moisture needs to be totally removed before the next stage of the work can be taken up. It takes almost a week and the wood has to be kept outdoors. This is also a part of the seasoning activity which is mandatory if the possibility of furniture warping later has to be eliminated. Wood is also kiln dried but the temperature has to be perfectly controlled. Soft wood can split if subjected to high heat.
Furniture makers often depend on the expertise of arborists to judge wood quality. For example, after tree removal in Melbourne, arborists will mark the wood with regard to species and age and the same will then be booked by furniture makers
After the wood has been cured and dried out, preparation of the components of the desired furniture will start with cutting of the log by a circular saw into pieces as specified. The smaller pieces will then be processed in a machine that smoothens out the surface of all disfigurements, making it ideal for furniture making. What is important is to achieve the thickness as needed by the manufacturer. Any imperfections here will affect the ultimate design of the furniture. This precision sanding will ensure that all components have a perfect fit at the assembly stage.
The individual components are then assembled into the final form and shape. Here, there are two possibilities. One is where the furniture is first assembled and then finished or vice versa. Generally, components are put together before finishing to preempt any scratches or marks on the final product. This is the stage that requires all the expertise of the furniture maker.
What instantly catches the eye of any buyer of furniture is the finish of the product – the shine, the colour, the patterns and the grain. This is brought out by the quality of the polish that highlights the patterns and grain of the piece. It takes time as a number of coats of colours and polish is often required; each to be applied after the last one has dried out.
Finally, the accessories have to be attached to match the furniture item – knobs, handles, key packs and reel. The furniture is then moved to the packing area to be prepared for shipping.
This is the standard manufacturing process of wood furniture which might vary between furniture makers.